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BemptonPrimary School

Curriculum

What does your child learn at school each day? Find information about our curriculum subjects here.

English

Phonics (Letters and Sounds)

 

Letters and Sounds is the resource we use at Bempton to support the systematic teaching of phonics. Children begin the Letters and Sounds programme at the start of Reception year and continue across Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2).

 

Every child between Reception and Year 3 has a 15-20 minute phonics session every morning.

The Letters and Sounds programme is separated into six Phases - your child's teacher will be able to tell you which Phase your child is currently working on.

 

Below, you will find links for each Phase. For each Phase there is a brief explanation of what is taught and a selection of resources (word cards, games & record sheets) which you can use to support your child's learning.

If you require any further support, please come into school and speak with your child's class teacher or our English Leader, Miss Bettley.

Phonics Glossary

 

We hope the following glossary is useful to you when using our Letters and Sounds pages. Always feel free to come in and talk to us if you require any further support.

 

 blending

Blending is the skill of joining sounds together to read words. Children are taught to say the separate sounds in a word and to then blend them together to decode the word.

 digraph

 A digraph is a sound that is represented by two letters e.g. the sound 'a' in rain is represented by the digraph 'ai'.

grapheme

A grapheme is a visual representation of a sound e.g. a letter or a group of letters.

Some sounds are represented by a single letter whilst others are represented by more than one letter.

 phoneme

 A phoneme is a unit of sound e.g. the word 'cat' contains three phonemes; c - a - t.

 segmenting

 Segmenting is the opposite of blending. Children are taught to segment a word into its separate sounds in order to spell it.

 split digraph

 A split digraph is a digraph that is separated by other letters e.g. the sound 'a' in the word take is represented by the split digraph a-e.

Spelling

At Bempton Primary we teach every child the importance of good spelling. We want every child to be a good speller and to take a keen interest in the spelling and meaning of words. Being a good speller boosts a child's confidence; relying on spell checkers and other gadgets is not substitute for learning the art of spelling.

 

For younger children, the teaching of spelling is linked to the teaching of phonics e.g. as they learn to 'sound out' words, for the purpose of reading, they learn to apply the same skills when spelling words. Children will typically begin by learning to spell simple VC (vowel / consonant) words e.g. at / it / in / on. They will then progress to CVC (consonant / vowel / consonant) words e.g. cat / hit / not / sad. As they learn each of the vowel digraphs (where a pair of letters represents one sound e.g. the sound 'a' is represented by 'ai' in 'rain'), children will learn to apply these when spelling words e.g. hay / night / out. From here, children will progress to spelling phonetically regular words of more than one syllable.

 

As children move into Key Stage 2 (Years 3 to 6), they are taught to spell increasingly complex words; many of which do not conform to regular rules or patterns. The national curriculum sets out the type of words children should typically be able to spell by the end of Year 4 and Year 6. These lists are included below.

 

Being a good speller requires regular practice and attention to detail. Parents can support the work of the school by practising the spellings your child brings home each week. If you would like any additional information or support, please speak with your child's class teacher.

Year 3/4 Spelling List

 

The 2014 national curriculum provides a list of words which children should be able to spell by the end of Year 4.

Download the Year 3/4 word list here

 

Year 5/6 Spelling List

 

The 2014 national curriculum also provides a list of words which children should be able to spell by the end of Year 6.

Download the Year 5/6 word list here

Handwriting

At Bempton Primary we teach all children (from Year 1 upwards) a cursive script as a way of promoting excellent handwriting and presentation across the school. A cursive script is a continuous script where every letter starts on the line. The alphabet below demonstrates this:

 

 

Every child's writing develops at a slightly different pace (as with most learning) but we have set out the following goals for each child's handwriting development.

 

 By the end of Reception year - the majority of children should be able to form all 26 letters of the alphabet correctly

 By the end of Year 1 - the majority of children should be able to form individual letters in our cursive script

 By the end of Year 2 - the majority of children should be joining their writing using our cursive script

 By the end of Year 4 - the majority of children should be ready to use a pen throughout Years 5 & 6

 

As with any skill, handwriting develops more rapidly with regular practice. Below are a selection of resources which you can download and use to develop your child's handwriting at home. Please speak with your child's class teacher if you have any questions about the resources, how to use them effectively or to discuss your child's handwriting.

The following resources should be used to support children in learning to write individual letters in our cursive font (Year 1 onwards).

 

Once your child is forming each letter in our cursive font fluently, joining should start to follow quite naturally. Children may begin by joining pairs of letters or strings of several letters but will soon progress to joining all letters in a word.

The resources below are designed to provide children with practice of joining increasingly longer words.

 

Key Stage One Long Term Planning

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